Table 1

 Age adjusted means and prevalences (95% CIs) of participant characteristics by coronary heart disease (CHD) status

Women with CHD (n = 694)Women without CHD (n = 3592)OR (95% CI) of CHD per SD increase in continuous variables and per exposure in dichotomous variablesp Value
All means and prevalences are age adjusted with the exception of age.
*Geometric means.
BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; CI, confidence interval; FEV1, forced expiratory volume in one second; HDLc, high density lipoprotein cholesterol; HOMA, homeostasis model assessment (insulin resistance); OR, odds ratio.
Age (years) (1 SD = 5.5)70.4 (70.0 to 70.8)68.6 (68.4 to 68.8)1.40 (1.29 to 1.52)<0.001
Height (mm) (1 SD = 61.1)1576.5 (1571.8 to 1581.2)1589.7 (1587.7 to 1591.7)0.79 (0.73 to 0.87)<0.001
Leg length (mm) (1 SD = 41.1)749.4 (746.2 to 752.6)758.9 (757.5 to 760.3)0.79 (0.72 to 0.86)<0.001
Trunk length (mm) (1 SD = 35.7)827.0 (824.3 to 829.7)830.7 (829.5 to 831.9)0.89 (0.82 to 0.98)<0.001
BMI (kg/m2) (1 SD = 5.0)28.7 (28.3 to 29.1)27.4 (27.3 to 27.6)1.28 (1.18 to 1.39)<0.001
Waist to hip ratio (1 SD = 0.07)0.829 (0.823 to 0.834)0.817 (0.815 to 0.820)1.18 (1.08 to 1.28)<0.001
HOMA score* (1 SD = 0.62)1.93 (1.83 to 2.04)1.62 (1.58 to 1.66)1.33 (1.21 to 1.46)<0.001
Triglycerides* (mmol/l) (1 SD = 0.46)1.81 (1.74 to 1.87)1.64 (1.62 to 1.67)1.23 (1.13 to 1.34)<0.001
HDLc (mmol/l) (1 SD = 0.46)1.56 (1.52 to 1.59)1.67 (1.66 to 1.69)0.75 (0.68 to 0.83)<0.001
Systolic BP (mm Hg) (1 SD = 25.2)145.2 (143.4 to 147.3)138.8 (137.9 to 139.7)1.25 (1.15 to 1.35)<0.001
FEV1 (l) (1 SD = 0.52)1.85 (1.81 to 1.89)2.00 (1.98 to 2.01)0.71 (0.64 to 0.78)<0.001
Ever smoked (%) (reference = never smoked)48.9 (45.1 to 52.6)43.8 (42.2 to 45.5)1.23 (1.04 to 1.45)<0.001
Manual social class in adulthood (%) (reference = non-manual)63.5 (59.6 to 67.2)50.5 (48.8 to 52.2)1.73 (1.45 to 2.08)<0.001
Manual social class in childhood (%) (reference = non-manual)81.2 (77.8 to 84.2)76.3 (74.8 to 77.7)1.38 (1.10 to 1.73)<0.001