Table 3

 Association between survival after five years and various clinical variables

Variable5 year survival (%)p Value
Age (years)<0.0001
    <7558.1
    ⩾7534.6
Sex0.16
    Men51.0
    Women49.6
NYHA class IV0.02
    No53.2
    Yes46.3
Third heart sound0.68
    No51.1
    Yes53.5
Rales0.02
    No60.2
    Yes48.4
Jugular vein congestion0.04
    No53.6
    Yes48.6
Hepatomegaly0.13
    No51.3
    Yes50.5
Radiographic signs
    Cardiomegaly0.31
        No59.3
        Yes49.8
    Alveolar oedema<0.0001
        No53.2
        Yes35.5
ECG signs
    Sinus rhythm0.24
        No47.7
        Yes52.6
    Atrial fibrillation0.33
        No50.4
        Yes50.3
    LBBB0.86
        No64.0
        Yes49.5
Risk factors
    Arterial hypertension0.07
        No52.6
        Yes50.0
    Hyperlipaemia0.96
        No51.0
        Yes52.0
    Diabetes mellitus<0.0001
        No55.8
        Yes37.1
    Smoking0.33
        No51.5
        Yes52.3
Underlying cardiopathy<0.0001
    Ischaemic cardiopathy47.9
    Valve disease41.9
    Dilated cardiomyopathy67.7
    Others57.3