Table 4

‚ÄÉComparison of demographic and echocardiographic variables between athletes with enlarged LV cavity and athletes with LV cavity size within predicted limits

LV cavity size within normal limitsLV cavity size exceeding predicted upper limitsp Value
Values are mean (SD).
Number783117
Age (years)15.6 (1.3)15.7 (1.2)<0.05
Height171.0 (8.5)175.4 (9.3)<0.05
Weight (kg)62.5 (9.2)68.8 (10.6)<0.05
BSA (m2)1.73 (0.16)1.84 (0.18)<0.05
Heart rate (beats/min)53.7 (5.2)45.7 (3.8)<0.05
Training intensity (hours/week)4.32 (1.45)4.44 (1.85)NS
Left atrial diameter (mm)32.4 (4.8)34.8 (4.0)<0.05
LVEDD (mm)50.0 (3.3)55.8 (2.0)<0.05
MLVWT (mm)9.5 (1.3)10.1 (1.3)<0.05
Aortic root diameter (mm)28.6 (3.5)30.0 (3.4)<0.05
LV mass (g)190.3 (60.1)262.9 (66.1)<0.05
E wave (m/s)0.86 (0.15)0.91 (0.17)<0.05
A wave (m/s)0.41 (0.11)0.43 (0.11)NS
E:A ratio2.25 (0.72)2.19 (0.63)NS