Table 2

 Useful criteria for differentiating normal from pseudonormal filling in adult subjects with normal left ventricular systolic function

NormalPseudonormal
*See table 1.
PV, pulmonary venous.
Lateral Ea velocity>age cut off*<age cutoff*
Lateral E/Ea<10>10
PV A velocity (cm/s)<35>35
PV A duration: transmitral A duration (ms)<30>30
Valsalva manoeuvreNo significant change in E/A ratioE/A <1, or E/A decrease by >50%