Table 2

 Signs of pericardial effusion in 368 patients

Results are given as mean (SD) or number (%).
Temperature (°C)37.4 (0.86)
Pulse rate (beats/min)106 (16.7)
Respiratory rate (breaths/min)22 (3.4)
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)119 (15.1)
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)77 (11.9)
Jugular venous distension (cm H2O)9.7 (2.92)
Paradoxical pulse (mm Hg)8.6 (4.75)
Tachycardia (>100 beats/min)240 (65%)
Rales158 (43%)
Oedema125 (34%)
Friction rub92 (25%)
Soft first and second heart sounds77 (21%)
Hepatomegaly70 (19%)
Kussmaul’s sign66 (18%)
Ascites44 (12%)
Low arterial blood pressure due to tamponade15 (4%)