Table 2

 Duke major criteria for endocarditis in 104 patients

All patients (n = 104)Early group (n = 20)Late group (n = 84)p Value
HACEK, Haemophilus species, Actinobacillus species, Cardiobacterium hominis, Eikenella corrodens, Kingella kingae.
Positive echocardiogram97 (93%)19 (95%)78 (93%)0.7
    Vegetation64 (61%)14 (70%)50 (60%)0.42
    Abscess53 (51%)13 (65%)40 (48%)0.17
    New prosthetic valve dehiscence31 (30%)6 (30%)25 (30%)0.99
Positive blood culture79 (76%)14 (70%)65 (78%)0.62
All streptococci34 (33%)2 (10%)32 (38%)0.015
    Streptococcus bovis10 (10%)1 (5%)9 (11%)0.71
    Enterococci12 (12%)012 (14%)0.15
    Streptococcus viridans12 (12%)1 (5%)11 (13%)0.52
All staphylococci25 (24%)8 (40%)17 (20%)0.12
    Staphylococcus aureus21 (20%)7 (35%)14 (17%)0.13
    Others (coagulase negative)4 (4%)1 (5%)3 (4%)1
Others
Q fever2 (2%)02 (2%)0.48
Candida species3 (3%)03 (4%)0.9
HACEK2 (2%)02 (2%)1
Others13 (12%)4 (20%)9 (11%)0.7