Table 2

 Baseline characteristics* of men with and without prevalent CHD at baseline

Without baseline CHDWith baseline CHDp Value
Data are number (%), mean (SE), or percentage (SE).
*Adjusted for age (age is unadjusted); †data available for normoglycaemic men only; ‡defined as a positive response to inquiries regarding a range of health conditions (intermittent claudication, physician diagnosed heart problems or high blood pressure (BP), dyspnoea, and bronchitis); §defined by a positive response to the questionnaire inquiry “are you, or have you been, diabetic?” or having blood glucose concentration two hours after glucose load of ⩾11.1 mmol/l); ¶assessed in a subset of 6287 men only.
FEV1, forced expiratory volume in one second (adjusted for height).
Number14400 (84.7%)2596 (15.3%)
Age (years)51.2 (0.1)53.2 (0.1)<0.001
Plasma cholesterol (mmol/l)5.10 (0.01)5.19 (0.02)<0.001
FEV1 (l/s)3.16 (0.01)3.04 (0.01)<0.001
Systolic BP (mm Hg)135.5 (0.2)139.7 (0.4)<0.001
Diastolic BP (mm Hg)84.1 (0.1)86.9 (0.3)<0.001
Blood glucose (mmol/l)†4.06 (0.01)4.06 (0.01)0.98
Physically inactive (%)15.8 (0.3)17.3 (0.8)0.03
Unintentional weight loss in previous year (%)1.9 (0.1)2.6 (0.3)0.02
Current cigarette smoker (%)40.5 (0.4)42.6 (1.0)0.02
Low work grade (%)23.0 (0.3)25.2 (0.8)0.01
No partner (%)11.5 (0.3)13.0 (0.7)0.06
Disease at study entry (%)‡6.6 (0.2)25.0 (0.8)<0.001
BP lowering medication (%)1.1 (0.1)4.1 (0.4)<0.001
Glucose intolerance (%)†5.0 (0.2)6.9 (0.5)<0.001
Diabetes (%)§1.3 (0.1)1.5 (0.2)0.43
Family history of CHD (%)¶12.7 (0.5)16.3 (1.3)0.003