Table 1

Baseline clinical characteristics

Radial approach (n = 571)Femoral approach (n = 480)p Value
Mean age (years)62.0 (12.5)64.7 (12.8)<0.001*
Male, n (%)428 (75)319 (66)0.002*
Current smoker, n (%)268 (47)214 (45)0.430
Hypertension, n (%)255 (45)222 (46)0.563
Diabetes mellitus, n (%)43 (7.5)53 (11.0)0.047
Hypercholesterolaemia, n (%)433 (76)357 (74)0.975
Family history, n (%)250 (44)195 (41)0.684
Body mass index (kg/m2)27.1 (24.4–30.2)26.0 (23.4–29.1)<0.001*
Previous MI, n (%)72 (13)84 (18)0.026
Previous PCI, n (%)36 (6.3)58 (12.0)0.001*
Previous CABG, n (%)8 (1.4)17 (3.5)0.023
Peripheral vascular disease, n (%)29 (5.1)26 (5.4)0.799
Cerebrovascular disease, n (%)29 (5.1)44 (9.2)0.009
LVF pre-procedure, n (%)39 (6.8)29 (6.0)0.606
Creatinine (μmol/l)96 (85–107)97 (86–110)0.271
  • Data presented as mean (SD) unless otherwise indicated.

  • *Remains significant at p<0.05 level after Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons.

  • CABG, coronary artery bypass grafting; LVF, left ventricular failure. MI, myocardial infarction; PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention.