Table 1 Baseline clinical and procedural characteristics of the 1540 patients
Clinical characteristicsPatients No (%)
Age (years), mean (SD) (range)63.6 (11.1) (24–90)
Male: female1088:452 (70.6:29.4)
Risk factors 1003 (65.1)
Hypertension662 (43.0)
Diabetes345 (22.4)
Peripheral vascular disease135 (8.8)
Previous cardiac surgery68 (4.4)
Types of procedure
Diagnostic angiography505 (32.8)
Ad hoc PCI590 (38.3)
Elective PCI445 (28.9)
Procedural characteristics
Access attempted
    Right radial:left radial1432:108 (93:7)
RA puncture failure7 (0.5)
Procedural success1490 (96.8)
Sheath gauge 5F:6F:7F780:739:21 (50.6:48.0:1.4)
Procedure duration (min), mean (SD)
    Diagnostic angiography30.3 (15.2)
    Ad hoc PCI48.4 (21.4)
    Elective PCI47.4 (22.2)
Fluoroscopy time (min), mean (SD)
    Diagnostic angiography6.0 (5.3)
    Ad hoc PCI11.1 (7.5)
    Elective PCI11.8 (8.6)
Vascular complications
    Minor13 (0.8)
    Major2 (0.1)
  • Results are shown as number (%) unless stated otherwise.

  • PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention.