Table 1 Sample characteristics by cardiovascular medication status
DemographicsUnmedicated(n = 17 061)Medicated(n = 3116)p Value
Scottish Health Survey (%)50.453.20.04‡
Age (years(, mean (SD)52.1 (12.6)64.5 (11.7)<0.001§
Sex (% male)44.439.2<0.001‡
Ethnicity (% white)*97.397.80.026‡
Social class (% manual)*50.854.7<0.001‡
Body mass index (kg/m2), mean (SD)26.9 (4.6)29.2 (5.3)<0.001§
Body mass index >30 kg/m2 (%)*19.133.6<0.001‡
Marital status (% married/cohabiting)*65.961.9<0.001‡
Smoking status (% never smoked)*28.218.0<0.001‡
Alcohol (% drinking on 5 days a week or more)*20.420.3<0.001‡
Non-cardiovascular long-standing illness (%)39.764.9<0.001‡
Parental cause of death (% cardiovascular causes)27.037.5<0.001‡
General Household Questionnaire (% with a score >4)*13.914.20.760‡
Mortality
    Any cause, n (%)1012 (5.9)497 (15.9)<0.001‡
    Cardiovascular causes, n (%)257 (1.5)170 (5.5)<0.001‡
    Within first 12 months of follow-up, n (%)88 (0.5)47 (1.5)<0.001‡
Person-years114 65318 863
Disease status
    Doctor-diagnosed hypertension (%)13.471.9<0.001‡
    Doctor-diagnosed diabetes (type 1 or 2) (%)1.910.0<0.001‡
    High blood pressure (based on survey recording only†) (%)8.114.1<0.001‡
Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity
    None (%)21.938.8<0.001‡
    <150 min/week (%)30.531.1
    ⩾150 min/week (%)47.530.0<0.001‡
    Time (min/week), mean (SD)291.8 (479.7)173.9 (374.7)<0.001§
Occupational physical activity level (% inactive)*60.483.2<0.001‡
  • Respondents were aged ⩾35 with no doctor diagnosis of coronary heart disease (angina or myocardial infarction) or stroke.

  • *Only one key category of the variable is shown; †⩾140 mm Hg systolic and ⩾90 mm Hg systolic; ‡based on two-tailed likelihood ratio tests; §based on two-tailed Mann–Whitney tests.