Table 1 Characteristics of study subjects
VariableCAD subjects (nā€Š=ā€Š238)Healthy subjects (nā€Š=ā€Š238)p Value
Age (years)57.5 (10.4)56.9 (11.0)0.510
Male gender (%)183 (76.9%)186 (78.2%)0.742
Body mass index (kg/m2)26.0 (4.3)25.5 (3.9)0.214
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)4.9 (1.2)4.8 (1.0)0.632
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/l)0.9 (0.3)1.0 (0.3)0.072
LDL-cholesterol (mmol/l)3.1 (1.1)3.2 (0.8)0.203
Triglycerides (mmol/l)2.0 (1.0)1.4 (0.7)<0.0001
Diabetes (%)82 (34.5%)34 (14.3%)<0.0001
Hypertension (%)107 (45.0%)54 (22.7%)<0.0001
Current/ex-smoker (%)42 (19.0%)49 (20.9%)0.622
Family history (%)141 (61.0%)103 (42.3%)0.0001
Vegetarian diet (%)134 (58.3%)151 (63.5%)0.251
  • Continuous data expressed as mean (SD) and categorical data as number of subjects (percentage).

  • CAD, coronary artery disease; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein.