Table 1

Clinical variables in the whole cohort split by association with access site

VariablesRadial n=13680Femoral n=54144p Value
Age years (mean± SD)64.4±11.263.9±12.0<0.0001
Age >75 years17.5%18.2%0.072
BMI (kg/m2)28.4±5.527.7±5.2<0.0001
Male69.4%67.1%<0.0001
Diabetes20.8%23.1%<0.0001
Hyperlipidemia47.9%59.5%<0.0001
Hypertension51.4%56.8%<0.0001
Smoking current19.1%17.1%<0.0001
Smoking quit41.9%46.0%
Congestive heart failure3.2%11.3%<0.0001
EF>50%82.3%66.7%<0.0001
EF 30–50%13.8%27.2%
EF<30%3.9%6.0%
Cerebro vascular disease5.7%8.3%<0.0001
Peripheral vascular disease8.9%8.8%0.70
eGFR (median) (ml/min)73.272.7<0.0001
eGFR<30 (ml/min)0.8%2.0%<0.0001
eGFR30–60 (ml/min)22.2%23.4%
eGFR>60 (ml/min)77.0%74.6%
ACS48.6%53.7%<0.0001
Catheterization only68.3%81.3%<0.0001
PCI31.7%18.7%
Elective procedure43.5%43.2%0.004
Urgent procedure48.8%49.8%
Emergent procedure7.7%7.0%
Contrast amount ml (cath)104.0±64.6115.8±77.0<0.0001
Contrast amount ml (PCI)208.1±98.7243.1±133.3<0.0001
Non-Ionic contrast53.7%76.9%<0.0001
Low Osmolar contrast0.7%4.0%
Ionic contrast37.0%11.4%
Low Ionic contrast0.2%0.3%
Cardiogenic shock0.2%0.5%0.001
Cardiac surgery <6 months after cardiac event21.3%20.3%0.009
Second event <6 months23.2%22.5%0.066
  • BMI=Body Mass Index; EF=Ejection fraction; eGFR=estimated glomerular filtration rate; ACS=Acute coronary syndrome; PCI=Percutaneous coronary intervention.