Table 1

Patient's characteristics and cardiovascular risk factors at interview: EUROASPIRE III

MenWomenp Value
N (%)6698 (74.7)2268 (25.3)
Age at interview, mean (SD)62.2 (9.6)65.8 (9.0)<0.0001
Index event<0.0001
CABG (%)20.417.2
PTCA (%)43.535.4
AMI (%)19.120.6
Ischaemia (%)17.026.8
Education level<0.0001
Years of school (median)12.011.0
Primary22.533.5
Secondary39.637.0
Intermediate17.617.8
Higher20.211.8
Current smokers (%)19.311.0<0.0001
BMI (kg/m2), mean (SD)28.6 (4.2)29.8 (5.2)<0.0001
Obesity (BMI≥30 kg/m2) (%)32.144.7<0.0001
Waist (cm), mean (SD)100.8 (11.7)95.8 (13.6)<0.0001
Central obesity (waist≥102/88 cm in men/women (%)45.673.5<0.0001
SBP (mm Hg), mean (SD)139.5 (20.2)142.5 (22.2)0.0001
DBP (mm Hg), mean (SD)82.7 (11.7)82.9 (12.0)0.02
Pulse pressure (mm Hg), mean (SD)56.8 (14.7)59.6 (16.8)0.001
Raised BP (BP≥140/90 mm Hg) (%)49.054.50.001
Raised blood pressure (%)*80.387.9<0.0001
LDL-cholesterol (mmol/l)2.7 (0.9)3.0 (1.1)<0.0001
Raised LDL (≥2.5 mmol/l) (%)52.461.1<0.0001
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/l), mean (SD)1.1 (0.3)1.3 (0.3)<0.0001
Fasting triglycerides (mmol/l), mean (range)1.4 (1.0–2.0)1.4 (1.0–1.9)0.44
Glycaemia (mmol/l), mean (SD)7.0 (2.1)7.21 (2.7)0.02
Self reported diabetes (%)22.630.4<0.0001
Glycaemia ≥7 mmol/l) (%)28.229.70.55
Total diabetes (%)33.638.40.009
HbA1c in diabetic subjects (%), mean (SD)7.1 (1.4)7.6 (1.7)<0.0001
HbA1c ≥6.5% in diabetic subjects (%)61.474.1<0.0001
HbA1c ≥7% in diabetic subjects (%)46.160.1<0.0001
  • Total diabetes: known and/or raised glycaemia.

  • HbA1C was measured in patients with known diabetes only.

  • * BP≥140/90 or BP≥130/80 mm Hg for diabetic patients or treatment for known HTA.

  • Significance between sexes adjusted for age and centre.

  • Significance of the gender-by-age interaction adjusted for centre.

  • AMI, acute myocardial infarction, BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; CABG, coronary artery bypass grafting; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; PTCA, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty; SBP, systolic blood pressure.