Table 4

Causes of death

All patientsWomenMenp Value
n=367n=192n=175
Perioperative deaths29 (8)14 (7)15 (9)0.6
 Cardiac14 (4)7 (4)7 (4)
 Stroke2 (0.5)0 (0)2 (1)
 Infection6 (2)3 (2)3 (2)
 Lung failure2 (0.5)1 (0.5)1 (1)
 Haemorrhage2 (0.5)1 (0.5)1 (1)
 Multiple organ failure3 (1)2 (1)1 (1)
Late deaths37 (10)14 (7)23 (13)0.2
 Cardiac14 (4)4 (2)9 (5)
 Cancer8 (2)3 (2)5 (3)
 Stroke3 (1)1 (0.5)2 (1)
 Infection5 (1)2 (1)3 (2)
 Lung failure1 (0.3)1 (0.5)0 (0)
 Pulmonary embolism1 (0.3)1 (0.5)1 (1)
 Haemorrhage2 (0.5)1 (0.5)1 (1)
 Multiple organ failure3 (1)1 (0.5)2 (1)
Follow-up period, years3.6±2.23.6±2.23.7±2.20.8
  • Values are mean±SD or n (%) of patients.