Table 3

Distribution* of cardiovascular risk factors by migration status

Rural (n=201)Migrant (n=589)Urban (n=199)Missing data
Anthropometric and adiposity markers
 Weight (kg), mean (SD)53.9 (8.2)64.1 (10.6)69.4 (14.5)2 (0.2%)
 Height (m), mean (SD)1.5 (0.1)1.5 (0.1)1.6 (0.1)2 (0.2%)
 BMI (kg/m2), mean (SD)23.2 (2.7)27 (4.3)28.3 (5.4)2 (0.2%)
 Waist circumference (cm), mean (SD)76.1 (8.4)88.1 (9.9)91.4 (12.1)6 (0.6%)
 Hip circumference (cm), mean (SD)87.4 (5.3)94.4 (7.5)98.9 (10.6)8 (0.8%)
 Waist-to-hip ratio, mean (SD)0.87 (0.07)0.93 (0.07)0.92 (0.07)8 (0.8%)
 Skinfolds, all (mm), mean (SD)42 (20.1)81.4 (30.6)96 (35.1)13 (1.3%)
 Biceps (mm), median (IQR)4.2 (3.1)8.5 (8.4)13.1 (13.6)9 (0.9%)
 Triceps (mm), median (IQR)10.2 (8.3)21.1 (19.5)30 (21.4)9 (0.9%)
 Subscapular (mm), median (IQR)11.3 (6.9)19.7 (11.2)23.3 (12)9 (0.9%)
 Suprailiac (mm), median (IQR)9.7 (10.3)27.1 (11.3)29.1 (14.4)13 (1.3%)
Blood pressure and lipids
 Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg), mean (SD)120.9 (18.7)119.9 (16.4)128.2 (22.9)1 (0.1%)
 Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg), mean (SD)74.2 (9.2)71.3 (9.3)76.2 (11.5)1 (0.1%)
 Total cholesterol (mg/dl), mean (SD)155.7 (33.3)190.8 (39.5)194.9 (40)1 (0.1%)
 Triglycerides (mg/dl), median (IQR)113 (71)133 (95.5)135 (109)1 (0.1%)
 HDL (mg/dl), mean (SD)44.1 (13.1)44 (11.2)44.4 (11)1 (0.1%)
 LDL (mg/dl), mean (SD)85.6 (27.1)115.9 (33)119.8 (34.2)1 (0.1%)
 TC/HDL ratio, mean (SD)3.8 (1.2)4.6 (1.4)4.7 (1.6)1 (0.1%)
Metabolic-related markers
 Glucose (mg/dl), median (IQR)80 (12)86 (12)88 (12)1 (0.1%)
 HbA1c (%), median (IQR)5.7 (0.5)5.5 (0.5)5.7 (0.6)0
 Insulin (μIU/ml), median (IQR)2.5 (3.9)6.7 (5.9)8.5 (7.8)11 (1.1%)
 HOMA-IR, median (IQR)0.31 (0.46)0.86 (0.77)1.1 (1.13)12 (1.2%)
Inflammatory variables
 C reactive protein (mg/l), median (IQR)0.7 (1.6)1.6 (2.7)1.6 (2.7)1 (0.1%)
 Fibrinogen (mg/dl), median (IQR)351.4 (115.7)386.9 (96.5)383 (77.5)1 (0.1%)
  • * Values represent crude means (SD) or crude medians (IQR).