Table 5

Geometric mean (95% CI) and ratios (95% CI) of non-normally distributed cardiovascular risk factors by migration status

nRural*Model 1Model 2Model 3
MigrantUrbanMigrantUrbanMigrantUrban
Geometric mean (95% CI)Ratio (95% CI)Ratio (95% CI)Ratio (95% CI)Ratio (95% CI)Ratio (95% CI)Ratio (95% CI)
Triglycerides (mg/dl)988116.2 (102.2 to 132.2)1.12 (1.01 to 1.25)1.09 (0.95 to 1.25)0.99 (0.89 to 1.09)0.92 (0.81 to 1.05)0.97 (0.87 to 1.09)0.9 (0.79 to 1.04)
Glucose (mg/dl)98880 (76.6 to 83.6)1.09 (1.05 to 1.13)1.16 (1.11 to 1.22)1.05 (1.02 to 1.09)1.11 (1.06 to 1.16)1.05 (1.01 to 1.1)1.11 (1.06 to 1.16)
HbA1c (%)9895.7 (5.5 to 5.9)1 (0.97 to 1.03)1.05 (1.02 to 1.08)0.98 (0.96 to 1.01)1.03 (0.99 to 1.06)0.99 (0.96 to 1.02)1.03 (1 to 1.07)
Insulin (μIU/ml)9782.6 (2 to 3.3)2.93 (2.35 to 3.66)3.51 (2.67 to 4.62)2.16 (1.75 to 2.67)2.34 (1.8 to 3.04)1.99 (1.58 to 2.5)2.12 (1.6 to 2.8)
HOMA-IR9530.3 (0.3 to 0.4)2.96 (2.5 to 3.49)3.41 (2.77 to 4.19)2.21 (1.91 to 2.57)2.38 (1.98 to 2.86)2.13 (1.81 to 2.51)2.26 (1.85 to 2.75)
C reactive protein (mg/l)9880.6 (0.4 to 0.8)2.96 (2.2 to 3.97)3.23 (2.24 to 4.67)2.28 (1.7 to 3.07)2.29 (1.58 to 3.3)2.3 (1.67 to 3.18)2.31 (1.56 to 3.42)
Fibrinogen (mg/dl)988349.9 (331.7 to 369.1)1.11 (1.06 to 1.16)1.11 (1.05 to 1.17)1.10 (1.05 to 1.15)1.10 (1.04 to 1.16)1.11 (1.06 to 1.17)1.11 (1.04 to 1.18)
  • Model 1: adjusted for age, sex, individual's socioeconomic deprivation and parental education. Model 2: as model 1 plus BMI. Model 3: as model 2 plus physical activity in 3 MET score categories.

  • * Rural geometric mean values were derived from model 1 adjusting for age, sex, individual socioeconomic deprivation and highest parental education.