Table 5

Treatment at discharge

VariableMissing data*Overall in survivorsWomen <75 yearsMen <75 yearsWomen ≥75 yearsMen ≥75 yearsCardiologyGeneral medicineOther
Patients549972715491583164025882420491
 Loop diuretic3624744 (86%)625 (86%)1312 (85%)1372 (87%)1435 (88%)2229 (87%)2105 (87%)410 (84%)
 ACEI5463400 (62%)462 (64%)1109 (72%)851 (54%)978 (60%)1728 (68%)1395 (58%)277 (56%)
 ARB966716 (13%)101 (14%)197 (13%)235 (15%)183 (12%)343 (13%)317 (13%)56 (11%)
 ACEI or ARB4073 (74%)557 (77%)1289 (83%)1073 (68%)1154 (70%)2050 (79%)1692 (70%)331 (67%)
 β-Blocker7252760 (50%)400 (55%)993 (64%)621 (39%)746 (45%)1613 (63%)980 (40%)167 (34%)
 ARA7941716 (31%)236 (32%)637 (41%)361 (23%)482 (29%)987 (38%)582 (24%)147 (30%)
LVEF <40%33324531174696100919201169243
 Loop diuretic1072899 (87%)384 (85%)999 (85%)624 (90%)892 (88%)1640 (85%)1053 (90%)206 (85%)
 ACEI2582286 (69%)318 (70%)879 (75%)417 (60%)672 (67%)1353 (70%)780 (67%)153 (63%)
 ARB507441 (13%)66 (15%)146 (12%)115 (17%)114 (11%)257 (13%)156 (13%)28 (12%)
 ACEI or ARB2701 (81%)381 (84%)1016 (87%)523 (75%)781 (77%)1595 (83%)926 (79%)180 (74%)
 β-Blocker3361971 (59%)285 (63%)797 (68%)345 (50%)544 (54%)1292 (67%)582 (50%)97 (40%)
 ARA3861230 (37%)162 (36%)527 (45%)196 (28%)345 (34%)796 (41%)339 (29%)95 (39%)
LVEF ≥40%937128169407233364465108
 Loop diuretic34824 (88%)117 (91%)137 (81%)357 (88%)213 (91%)324 (89%)405 (87%)95 (88%)
 ACEI118472 (50%)67 (52%)102 (60%)191 (47%)112 (48%)193 (53%)220 (47%)59 (55%)
 ARB187127 (14%)17 (13%)24 (14%)58 (14%)28 (12%)49 (13%)64 (14%)14 (13%)
 ACEI or ARB592 (63%)84 (66%)123 (73%)246 (60%)139 (60%)239 (66%)281 (60%)72 (67%)
 β-Blocker152381 (41%)61 (48%)95 (56%)135 (33%)90 (39%)178 (49%)163 (35%)40 (37%)
 ARA160246 (26%)45 (35%)52 (37%)91 (22%)58 (25%)106 (29%)114 (25%)26 (24%)
No LVEF report1230146206480398304786140
 Loop diuretic2211021 (83%)124 (85%)176 (85%)391 (81%)330 (83%)265 (87%)647 (82%)109 (78%)
 ACEI170642 (52%)77 (53%)128 (62%)243 (51%)194 (49%)162 (53%)395 (50%)85 (61%)
 ARB272148 (12%)18 (12%)27 (13%)62 (13%)41 (10%)37 (12%)97 (12%)14 (10%)
 ACEI or ARB780 (63%)92 (63%)150 (73%)304 (63%)234 (59%)197 (65%)485 (62%)98 (70%)
 β-Blocker237408 (33%)54 (37%)101 (49%)141 (30%)112 (28%)143 (47%)235 (30%)30 (21%)
 ARA248240 (20%)29 (20%)58 (28%)74 (15%)79 (20%)85 (28%)129 (16%)26 (19%)
  • Data are numbers (percentages) of the population surviving until discharge.

  • * Excluding 652 deaths on index admission and 20 patients with missing data on either sex, age or ward.

  • ACEI, ACE inhibitor; ARA, aldosterone receptor antagonist; ARB, angiotensin II receptor blocker; LVET, left ventricular ejection fraction.