Table 1

Overview of publications included in the analysis

First authorYear of publicationOperative periodNo of patientsAortic root procedureSurgical technique (%)Urgent surgery (%)Mean follow-up (years)Mean age (years)
Groenink1019991984–199843TRRCVG (100)308.930
Gott1119991968–1996625TRRCVG (97) or HG (3)32*6.734
Alexiou1220011972–199865TRRCVG (95) or HG (5)42841.7
de Oliveira1320031979–200144TRRCVG (80) or HG (20)366.2534
Karck1420041979–200274TRRCVG (100)239.535
Zehr1520051971–200065TRRCVG (97) or HG (3)32*7.637
Patel1620081997–200656TRRCVG (100)209.538.1
Birks1719991979–199982VSRRRemodelling (100)185.4733.9
Gott1119991968–199650VSRRReimplantation (88) or remodelling (12)32*6.734
Kallenbach1820071993–200559VSRRReimplantation (100)54.530
Settepani1920072000–200635VSRRReimplantation (100)61.5836
Patel1620081997–200684VSRRReimplantation (52) or Remodelling (48)22.529.2
David2020091988–2006103VSRRReimplantation (75) or remodelling (25)117.337
  • * Studies report cumulative rate for TRR and VS cohorts.

  • CVG, composite valve graft; HG, homograft; NR, not reported; TRR, total root replacement; VSRR, Valve-sparing root replacement.