Table 1

Comparison of baseline characteristics between white and South Asian groups (n=15 413 unless stated otherwise)

White (n=13 293)Indian (n=1244)p ValuePakistani/ Bangladeshi (n=876)p Value
Age (years)56.3±14.149.3±11.1<0.00148.5±11.4<0.001
Sex (% male)44.4% (n=5901)52.8% (n=657)<0.00179.8% (n=699)<0.001
BMI (kg/m2) (n=13 615)27.5±4.926.8±4.3<0.00126.6±4.30.011
Waist-hip ratio (n=2659)
 Men0.93±0.060.95±0.06<0.0010.95±0.06<0.001
 Women0.81±0.080.83±0.06<0.0010.85±0.07<0.001
Hypertension8.3% (n=1103)8.8% (n=109)0.8510.0% (n=88)0.015
Diabetes4.5% (n=598)8.1% (n=101)<0.00114.3% (n=125)<0.001
Self-reported health (% good/very good)71.1% (n=9451)64.0% (n=796)<0.00149.3% (n=432)<0.001
Existing CVD8.4% (n=1117)5.2% (n=65)<0.00110.7% (n=94)0.01
Smoking (%)
 Never smoked39.4% (n=5235)75.2% (n=935)<0.00153.1% (n=465)0.06
 Current smoker21.8% (n=2903)12.6% (n=158)30.5% (n=267)
Physical activity (weekly)
 None28.1% (n=3735)37.1% (n=462)<0.00156.7% (n=497)<0.001
 Some71.9% (n=9558)62.9% (n=782)43.3% (n=379)
Education (% >GCSE)34.3% (n=4566)45.8% (n=569)<0.00126.3% (n=230)<0.001
Occupation (% non-manual)63.6% (n=8448)55.8% (n=693)<0.00148.9% (n=426)<0.001
Total household income (% >£18 200) (n=12 848)54.0% (n=6060)58.6% (n=553)0.00727.3% (n=186)<0.001
  • Data presented as unadjusted means with standard deviations or percentages (n). Physical activity measure indicates average number of occasions per week of at least a moderate level of activity for ≥30 min. p values indicate group differences, with white group as the reference group.

  • BMI, body mass index; CVD, cardiovascular disease.