Table 1

Patient characteristics (n=50)

Age, years74±14
Female gender, n (%)18 (36)
BMI (kg/m2)25±5
Clinical features, n (%)
 Arterial hypertension33 (66)
 Hyperlipidaemia20 (40)
 Diabetes mellitus7 (14)
 Coronary artery disease19 (38)
  Previous MI14 (28)
  Previous PCI12 (24)
  Previous CABG7 (14)
 Left ventricular ejection fraction (%)47±18
 Previous valve surgery4 (8)
 Previous vascular/thoracic surgery2 (4)
 Atrial fibrillation33 (66)
 COPD7 (14)
 Previous stroke4 (8)
 Impaired renal function28 (56)
 Cancer2 (4)
NYHA functional class, n (%)
 II7 (14)
 III34 (68)
 IV9 (18)
Surgical risk
 Logistic EuroSCORE, %26±14
 STS mortality score, %7±6
 STS mortality and morbidity score, %35±19
  • Data are given as mean±SD unless otherwise stated.

  • BMI, body mass index; CABG, coronary artery bypass grafting; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; EuroSCORE, European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation; MI, myocardial infarction; NYHA, New York Heart Association; PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention; STS, Society of Thoracic Surgeons.