Table 1

Distribution of categories of congenital heart defects (ACC-CHD*) and associated anomalies: the EPICARD study

ACC-CHD categoriesNTotalNLive births
% Chromosomal anomalies% Anomalies of other systems % Chromosomal anomalies% Anomalies of other systems
1. Heterotaxy, including isomerism and mirror-imagery370.024.380.025.0
2. Anomalies of the venous return3119.416.1267.715.4
3. Anomalies of the atria and interatrial communications1829.919.81747.519.0
4. Anomalies of the atrioventricular junctions and valves21357.312.710943.113.8
5. Complex anomalies of atrioventricular connections130.07.770.00.0
6. Functionally univentricular hearts15815.819.6488.320.8
7. Ventricular septal defects (VSD)14919.311.113953.911.0
8. Anomalies of the ventricular outflow tracts56310.719.14474.514.3
9. Anomalies of the extrapericardial arterial trunks17015.931.21253.226.4
10. Congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries90.
  • * Anatomic and clinical classification of congenital heart defects (Houyel et al, 2011).

  • Excluding chromosomal anomalies.