Table 1

General characteristics of study subjects at baseline*

Baseline GGT level
<25%25 to <50%50 to <75%75 to <90%≥90%p for trend
Men (n=18 353)<17.1 U/l17.1 to <25.7 U/l25.7 to <40.1 U/l40.1 to <68.0 U/l≥68.0 U/l
Subjects (n)46594517459327391845
Age at baseline (years)44.346.348.147.848.8<0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2)25.026.227.428.429.0<0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)8183868890<0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)138139142143147<0.001
Serum cholesterol (mmol/l)5.535.725.936.146.26<0.001
Education (years)10.610.510.510.410.50.538
Alcohol drinker (%)55.562.567.973.676.9<0.001
Current smoker (%)28.435.038.042.045.7<0.001
Low physical activity (%)6.66.99.211.513.5<0.001
History of myocardial infarction (%)3.93.93.44.45.20.011
History of valvular heart disease (%)0.20.20.20.20.30.755
History of diabetes (%)2.42.33.02.94.6<0.001
Women (n=19 726)<11.0 U/l11.0 to <15.1 U/l15.1 to <22.1 U/l22.1 to <35.0 U/l≥35.0 U/l
Subjects (n)45985572475627932007
Age at baseline (years)41.744.347.249.951.7<0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2)24.725.426.427.628.6<0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)7879818283<0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)132134136138140<0.001
Serum cholesterol (mmol/l)5.605.685.725.815.91<0.001
Education (years)11.211.211.111.010.7<0.001
Alcohol drinker (%)39.544.647.950.252.5<0.001
Current smoker (%)13.518.923.325.629.3<0.001
Low physical activity (%)7.17.99.711.014.7<0.001
History of myocardial infarction (%)0.80.90.91.61.60.001
History of valvular heart disease (%)0.20.10.20.00.30.005
History of diabetes (%)1.41.71.82.85.0<0.001
  • *Baseline characteristics represent mean or percentage; adjusted for age, study area and study year.