Table 1

Baseline characteristics by ethnicity among patients with newly diagnosed hypertension

VariablesChineseSouth AsianWhitep Value
N%N%N%
Total4989210039175100841277100.0
 Men2397848.11934249.440325647.9<0.01
Age
 20–491406528.21138129.121981126.1<0.01
 50–641748235.11431836.529558335.1
 65–741174223.5793020.217815721.2
 ≥75660313.2554614.214772617.6
Income quintile
 1 (lowest)1206824.2700217.917380520.7<0.01
 21133822.7702217.916378419.5
 3853417.1777819.916111719.2
 4784115.7815620.815420218.3
 5 (highest)890117.8676217.313931516.6
 Missing12102.424556.3490545.8
Region of residence
 Rural8631.7440911.314762617.5<0.01
 Urban4864797.53450988.168539681.5
 Missing3820.82570.682551.0
Charlson co-morbidities
Renal disease8801.86681.7155061.8>0.05
Peripheral vascular disease9361.910162.6294003.5<0.01
Diabetes21884.421585.5476225.7<0.01
Cancer19583.922295.7580836.9<0.01
Chronic pulmonary disease563711.3563114.413660616.2<0.01
Liver disease8041.63600.983761.0<0.01
HIV180.04340.096350.08<0.01
Rheumatic disease3640.74061.0107121.3<0.01
Dementia3350.74561.2141471.7<0.01
Peptic ulcer disease16943.413963.6222742.5<0.01
Myocardial infarction8841.819425.0469545.6<0.01
Cerebrovascular disease17083.418264.7476755.7<0.01
Congestive heart failure13702.720095.1524886.2<0.01
Paraplegia and hemiplegia4630.93050.878780.9>0.05
Number of Charlson co-morbidities
 03621572.62582865.953036063.0<0.01
 11243624.91165629.826487731.5
 ≥212412.516914.3460405.5