Table 2

All-cause mortality and incidence for hospitalised cardiovascular disease* (per 1000 person-years, 95% CI) by ethnicity among patients with newly diagnosed hypertension

OutcomeMenWomenTotal
ChineseSouth AsianWhiteChineseSouth AsianWhiteChineseSouth AsianWhite
All-cause mortality12.8 (12.2 to 13.4)20.0 (19.1 to 20.9)26.5 (26.2 to 26.7)12.2 (11.7 to 12.8)18.0 (17.2 to 18.8)21.8 (21.6 to 22.0)12.5 (12.1 to 12.9)18.9 (18.4 to 19.5)24.0 (23.8 to 24.1)
Cardiovascular disease10.5 (9.9 to 11.1)21.0 (20.1 to 22)24.7 (24.5 to 25)8.7 (8.2 to 9.2)15.9 (15.1 to 16.7)18.5 (18.4 to 18.7)9.6 (9.2 to 10.0)18.3 (17.7 to 19)21.4 (21.3 to 21.6)
Myocardial infarction4.3 (3.9 to 4.7)9.7 (9.1 to 10.4)11.3 (11.2 to 11.5)2.3 (2 to 2.5)5.6 (5.1 to 6)6.4 (6.3 to 6.5)3.2 (3 to 3.5)7.6 (7.2 to 8)8.7 (8.6 to 8.8)
Heart failure4.0 (3.6 to 4.4)8.2 (7.7 to 8.8)10.4 (10.3 to 10.6)3.8 (3.5 to 4.1)7.9 (7.3 to 8.5)9 (8.9 to 9.1)3.9 (3.6 to 4.1)8.1 (7.7 to 8.5)9.7 (9.6 to 9.8)
Stroke4.6 (4.2 to 5)6.7 (6.2 to 7.3)8.3 (8.1 to 8.4)4.4 (4.1 to 4.8)6 (5.5 to 6.5)7.2 (7.1 to 7.3)4.5 (4.2 to 4.8)6.4 (6 to 6.7)7.7 (7.6 to 7.8)
  • *Cardiovascular disease includes myocardial infarction, heart failure and stroke. Analysis is based on up to 9 years’ follow-up of patients with hypertension.