Table 2

Right ventricular structural and functional data as well as left atrial diameter in male endurance-trained, resistance-trained and sedentary control subjects

Heterogeneity test
ParameterEndurance-trained (ET)Resistance-trained (RT)Sedentary controls (CT)p Value (All groups)Post-hoc significant differencesHeterogeneityI2d (%)p Value
RV mass (g)91 (63 to 119) [5; 116]*37 (24 to 50) [4; 102]< 0.01ET>CT3.599.30.174
RVEDD (mm)33.5 (21.0 to 46.0) [4; 140]*26.1 (16.1 to 36.1) [4; 95]0.347NA0.8199.70.367
RVEDV (ml)222 (216 to 227) [6; 136]*156 (153 to 159) [6; 150]0.627NA2.8990.248
RV SV (ml)114 (115 to 122) [5; 66]*94 (92 to 98) [4; 66]0.415NA0.8499.80.657
LAD (mm)39.2 (35.9 to 42.5) [10; 206]31.9 (29.7 to 34.1) [2; 58]34.9 (31.9 to 37.9) [11; 243]< 0.001ET>CT13.298.1<0.001
  • Data are mean (95% CI), [number of studies; number of participants].

  • *Insufficient data.

  • LAD, left atrial diameter; NA, not applicable; RV, right ventricular; RVEDD, RV end-diastolic diameter; RVEDV, RV end-diastolic volume; SV, stroke volume.

  • As main effect not significant (p>0.05).