Table 3

Onset of HF in patients per different diagnostic group

Type of heart diseaseNumber of patientsHeart failure (%)Timing of HF (median weeks of gestation)IQR*
Aortic abnormality282119(8–32)
Complete atrioventricular septal defect261523(3–43)
Persistent ductus artriosus312324(12–36)
Mitral stenosis793125(13–37)
Ventricular septal defect1134.425(2–48)
Atrial septal defect1118.127(9–47)
Aortic coarctation777.630(15–44)
Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy*111833(26–40)
Aortic stenosis and regurgitation*191134(26–42)
Pulmonary valve abnormality*616.634(16–69)
Dilated cardiomyopathy323435(20–48)
Mitral regurgitation862137(24–50)
Mitral stenosis and regurgitation631838(19–57)
Transposition of the great arteries*563.639(37–40)
Peripartum cardiomyopathy/myocarditis176840(37–44)
Non obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy163140(16–66)
Tetralogy of Fallot1194.241(34–48)
Ischaemic heart disease*25842(41–42)
  • *Range instead of IQR.

  • HF, heart failure.