Table 4

Other complications during pregnancy and fetal outcome in patients with and without HF

Total group n=1321Patients with HF (n=173)Patients without HF (n=1148)p Value
Maternal mortality (%)14.80.5<0.001
Cardiac (%)
 Atrial fibrillation0.91.20.90.71
 Ventricular arrhythmias22.91.80.35
 Thromboembolic events0.51.20.30.14
 Endocarditis0.21.20.10.006
 Bleeding complications postpartum4.94.650.85
Obstetric (%)
 Intra uterine growth retardation5.8134.6<0.001
 Pregnancy induced hypertension2.42.92.40.67
 (Pre-)eclampsia3.3121.9<0.001
 Bleeding complications during pregnancy1.62.91.40.14
Fetal outcome (%)
 Fetal death1.74.61.20.001
 Neonatal death0.60.70.60.92
 Premature birth <37 weeks1530-13<0.001
 Birth weight <2500 g142413<0.001
 Apgar score <7 (%)10139.30.10
 Adjusted mean birth weight (g)*332833580.46
  • *Birth weight corrected for: gestational age, smoking, pre-eclampsia, fetal sex and nulliparity.

  • HF, heart failure.