Table 1

Patient characteristics

CoA (n=20)Controls (n=22)
Age (years)35±1330±11
BMI (kg/m2)25.0±4.225.2±5.0
Diabetes (%)50
Hyperlipidaemia (%)00
CAD (%)00
Active smoker (%)25.013.6
Renal insufficiency (%)00
NYHA class (%)
 NYHA class I90100
 NYHA class II100
 NYHA class III00
 NYHA class IV00
 Age at operation (years)7±6
Type of operation (%)
 End-to-end anastomosis40
 Interposition of tube graft15
Medication (%)
  • ARB, angiotensin receptor blockers; BMI, body mass index; CAD, coronary artery disease; CCB, calcium channel blockers; NA, not available; NYHA, New York Heart Association Functional Classification.