Table 2

Procedural characteristics based on severity of aortic regurgitation

All (n=2440)No AR (n=787)Mild AR (n=1400)Moderate/severe AR (n=253)p Value
Procedural urgency0.52
 Elective2185 (89.6)715 (90.9)1246 (89.1)224 (88.5)
 Urgent236 (9.7)65 (8.3)144 (10.3)27 (10.7)
 Emergency15 (0.6)5 (0.6)8 (0.6)2 (0.8)
 Salvage (n(%))1 (0.04)1 (0.1)0 (0)0 (0)
 Transfemoral1653 (67.8)512 (65.1)951 (67.9)190 (75.1)0.01
Surgical (TA, sublclavian, transaortic) (n(%))785 (32.2)274 (34.9)448 (32.0)63 (24.9)
Balloon-expandable; Edwards SAPIEN1287 (52.7)491 (53)700 (50)96 (38)<0.0001
Self-expanding; Medtronic Corevalve (n(%))1153 (47.2)296 (38)700 (50)157 (62)
Prosthesis size (mm) (n(%))<0.001
 23587 (24.3)260 (33.5)290 (20.9)37 (14.7)
 261159 (48.0)355 (45.7)682 (49.2)122 (48.6)
 29625 (25.9)155 (19.9)389 (28.1)81 (32.3)
 3141 (1.7)6 (0.8)24 (1.7)11 (4.4)
Balloon valvuloplasty not performed (n(%))142 (5.8)90 (11.5)43 (3.1)9 (3.6)<0.001
CoreValve (n(%))46 (3.9)21 (7.1)21 (3)4 (2.6)
Peripocedural imaging (n(%))0.71
 TTE287 (11.8)90 (11.5)165 (11.8)32 (12.6)
 TOE2099 (86.1)678 (86.3)1202 (85.9)219 (86.6)
 None47 (1.9)16 (2)29 (2)2 (0.8)
  • χ2 Test likelihood ratio for categorical variables.

  • TA, transapical; TOE, transoesophageal echocardiography; TTE, transthoracic echocardiography.