Table 3

HR ratios for associations of RHR variables with different outcomes

RHR meanRHR trendRHR variation
HR (95% CI)HRR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HRR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HRR (95% CI)
Primary outcomes
 Any incident MI event1.00 (0.86 to 1.17)1.09 (0.96 to 1.24)1.03 (0.92 to 1.15)
 Death1.12 (1.05 to 1.20)0.97 (0.91 to 1.03)1.08 (1.03 to 1.13)
 Death vs any incident MI event1.12 (0.96 to 1.29)0.89 (0.77 to 1.01)1.05 (0.95 to 1.17)
Type of incident MI event
 Incident MI0.98 (0.83 to 1.16)1.04 (0.91 to 1.19)1.02 (0.89 to 1.15)
 CHD-related death1.24 (0.98 to 1.57)1.22 (0.94 to 1.59)1.09 (0.93 to 1.29)
 CHD-related death vs incident MI1.27 (0.97 to 1.64)1.17 (0.93 to 1.56)1.08 (0.89 to 1.30)
Cause of death
 Fatal MI or CHD-related death1.14 (0.94 to 1.39)1.15 (0.94 to 1.40)1.09 (0.95 to 1.24)
 Death from other causes1.12 (1.04 to 1.20)0.95 (0.89 to 1.01)1.07 (1.02 to 1.13)
 Death from other causes vs fatal MI or CHD-related death0.98 (0.80 to 1.21)0.83 (0.67 to 1.02)0.99 (0.86 to 1.15)
  • All analyses are adjusted for cardiovascular risk factors. HRs and HR ratios for RHR mean, RHR trend and RHR variation are per units of 10 bpm, 2 bpm/year and 2 bpm respectively.

  • CHD, coronary heart disease; CV, cardiovascular; HRR, HR ratio; MI, myocardial infarction; RHR, resting heart rate.

  • RHR, resting heart rate; CHD, coronary heart disease; MI, myocardial infarction.