Table 1

Characteristics of the study participants

Boys (n=251)Girls (n=259)
Age (years)14.7±1.314.7±1.2
Body mass index (kg/m2)21.1±4.121.2±3.5
Cardiorespiratory fitness (mL/kg/min)46.1±7.437.6±5.6
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)120.2±13.9113.2±11.6
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)64.0±8.765.0±8.8
Glucose (mg/dL)92.3±7.288.5±6.4
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)153.7±26.7166.9±27.6
Fruits and vegetables (g/day)183.9±116.1229.2±132.5
Fish (g/day)19.4±23.221.9±26.3
Fibre (g/day)20.5±22.619.8±22.2
Sodium (mg/day)2098.4±520.92154.9±642.9
Soft drinks (mL/day)252.1±315.8182.0±277.2
Moderate-vigorous PA (min/day)67.8±24.148.6±17.8
Never smoked a cigarette (%)6667
  • Values are means and SDs or percentage.

  • All dietary indicators have been scaled on a total daily energy intake of 2000 kcal.

  • PA, physical activity.