Table 2

Cardiorespiratory fitness (mL/kg/min) mean and SE estimates by ideal cardiovascular health components in European adolescents (both boys and girls) from the HELENA study

BoysGirls
IdealNon-idealIdealNon-ideal
N/%Mean±SE N/%Mean±SEp Value*N/%Mean±SE N/%Mean±SEp Value*
Health behaviours
 Smoking166/6646.3±0.6 85/3446.7±0.80.680174/6738.0±0.4 85/3338.1±0.50.852
 Body mass index219/8747.4±0.5 32/1340.2±1.1<0.001216/8338.5±0.3 43/1734.8±0.7<0.001
 Physical activity179/7147.5±0.5 72/2943.7±0.8<0.001149/5838.9±0.4 110/4236.8±0.50.002
 Diet 251/10046.4±0.54/237.5±2.4 255/9838.0±0.40.823
Health factors
 Total cholesterol195/7847.1±0.5 56/2244.1±0.90.004138/5338.0±0.4 121/4738.0±0.50.967
 Blood pressure223/8946.8±0.5 28/1143.3±1.40.016228/8838.2±0.3 31/1236.2±0.90.033
 Plasma glucose210/8446.5±0.5 41/1645.9±1.10.599247/9538.1±0.3 12/536.5±1.40.269
≥4 ideal components<4 ideal components≥4 ideal components<4 ideal components
Presence of ideal components222/8847.1±0.5 29/1240.7±1.3<0.001215/8338.4±0.3 44/1736.2±0.80.008
  • *From analysis of covariance with age as covariate and centre as random factor.

  • HELENA, Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence.

  • Bold numbers indicate statistically significant results.