Table 1

Population characteristics

Comorbidity
AuthorPublications yearAgeSex*CHFStroke/TIAVascular diseaseDMHypertensionRVDValve disease
Cardioversion
 Morris et al11196419–793
 Jensen et al12196526–6428431052
 Wikland et al13196734–7622(–)(–)
 Bjerkelund and Orning14196910–80↑240661165252
 Arnold et al15199221–88466315785
 Chalasani et al16199637–892152066
 Lanzarotti and Olshansky171997(63, 8)2535274217
 Crijns et al181997(58)138384624
 Bertaglia et al19200049–856ExclusionExclusion930Exclusion
 Elhendy et al202001(66)160111161104274157
 Stiell et al21201019–92367514414127829
 Scheuermeyer et al222011(60.3)303118124810
 Gallagher et al232002(62.9)135272408247289
 Yadlapati et al242014(65)62931
Echocardiography
 Black et al25199328–79118Exclusion67
 Santiago et al261994(67)30231313291510
 Feltes et al2719947–548
 Bikkina et al28199545–86659614
 Grimm et al291997(65, 5)4019101816
 Irani et al301997(65)0125151428
 Seidl et al311998(64)54171165434814
 Weiss et al321998(57)813883
 Roijer et al332000(64)173173875011
 Schmidt et al342001(60)183741305311
 Corrado et al35200144–91321417247715
 Grönefeld et al362003(62, 64)5036537428
 Parikh et al372012(61)14215442166118299
 Alyeshmerni et al382013(66, 7)9412120296123252
  • *Sex defined as numbers of Females (n).

  • ‘–’ : No information.

  • CHF, congestive heart failure; DM, diabetes mellitus; RVD, rheumatic valve disease; TIA, transient ischaemic attack.