Table 3

In-hospital outcomes

 Before matchingAfter matching
Early discharge (n=107)Late discharge (n=358)p ValueEarly discharge (n=89)Late discharge (n=178)p Value
Post-TAVI hospitalisation, days2.2±0.86.5±3.2<0.0012.1±0.86.5±3.5<0.001
Day-1 discharge31 (28.9)25 (28.1)
Day-2 discharge32 (30.5)27 (31.0)
Day-3 discharge46 (43.8)37 (42.5)
Post-TAVI CICU, days1.3±0.43.4±2.0<0.0011.2±0.43.6±1.9<0.001
Stroke/TIA2 (1.9)5 (1.4)0.5050 (0.0)2 (1.1)0.444
Disabling stroke0 (0.0)2 (0.6)0.5920 (0.0)1 (0.6)0.667
Non-disabling stroke1 (0.9)0 (0.0)0.2300 (0.0)0 (0.0)
TIA1 (0.9)3 (0.8)0.6500 (0.0)1 (0.6)0.667
Any bleeding7 (6.5)65 (18.5)0.0037 (7.9)34 (19.4)0.014
Life-threatening bleeding1 (0.9)19 (5.3)0.0341 (1.1)10 (5.6)0.071
Major bleeding3 (2.8)21(6.4)0.1533 (3.4)11 (6.2)0.255
Minor bleeding3 (2.8)23 (6.4)0.1533 (3.4)13 (7.3)0.202
New PPM10 (9.3)64 (17.9)0.0347 (7.9)33 (18.5)0.021
Major vascular complications2 (1.9)31 (8.8)0.0162 (2.3)16 (9.1)0.038
Minor vascular complications9 (8.5)30 (8.5)0.9969 (10.2)17 (9.7)0.884
Acute kidney injury0.2860.345
Stage 112 (11.3)57 (17.2)10 (11.2)33 (18.5)
Stage 22 (1.9)9 (2.7)2 (2.2)4 (2.2)
Stage 31 (0.9)9 (2.7)1 (1.1)5 (2.8)
  • Values are n (%) or mean±SD. Continuous parametric variables were compared using Student's t test. Continuous non-parametric variables were compared using Mann–Whitney U test. Categorical variables were compared using the McNemar's exact test.

  • CICU, cardiac intensive care unit; PPM, permanent pacemaker; TAVI, transcatheter aortic valve implantation; TIA, transient ischaemic attack.