Table 2

Pregnancy course and outcomes

Characteristics at start pregnancyObstetricsTreatment in pregnancyEvents during pregnancy
CaseMaternal ageClinically recognised ARVD/CHigh-risk pregnancyGP*ResultDurationDeliveryObstetric complicationsChild's age at last follow-upMedicationICDIncrease symptomsVAHF onset
127YesVA+RV structureG1P0Live birth35 weeksVaginalNo2 yearsB, dose *2YesPalpitations/PVCsNoNo
30YesG2P1Miscarriage<13 weeks
30YesVA+RV structureG3P1Live birthFull termVaginalNo2 monthsB, add flecainide in second trimesterYesPalpitations/PVCsNoNo
230YesNoG2P1Live birthFull termVaginalNo10 yearsNoneYesFatigue, palpitationsNoNo
40YesNoG3P2Live birthFull termVaginalNo12 monthsStart B in 23rd weekYesPVCs/NSVTsNoNo
337YesVA+RV structureG1P0Live birthFull termVaginalDysmaturity2 yearsB+ diuretics when neededYesDyspnoea, palpitationsNoYes
432YesVAG1P0Live birthFull termC-sectionNo4 yearsSotalolNoNoNoNo
33YesVAG2P1Live birthFull termC-sectionNo2 yearsSotalolYesNoNoNo
36YesG3P2Miscarriage<13 weeks
529YesNoG1P0Live birth34 weeksC-sectionPreterm contractions1 monthSotalol+diuretics≤7 daysYesMild dyspnoeaNoNo
628YesRV structureG1P0Live birthFull termVaginalChild: scalp laceration infection due to use of vacuum5 yearsB; change atenolol to metoprololYesPalpitationsThird week: ICD dischargeNo
733YesVA+RV structureG1P0Live birthFull termC-sectionNo9 monthsBYesNoNoNo
828YesVAG1P0Live birthFull termVaginalNo9 monthsBYesNoNoNo
929YesG1P0Miscarriage<13 weeks
30YesNoG2P0Live birthFull termVaginalNo4 yearsBYesNoNoNo
31YesNoG3P1Live birthFull termVaginalTemporary intrauterine growth restriction3 yearsStop B→VA→restart BYesNo18th week: antitachycardia pacingNo
33YesVAG4P2Live birthFull termVaginal23 monthsBYesNoNoNo
34YesVAG5P3Live birthFull termVaginalMeconium-stained amniotic fluid3 monthsBYesNoNoNo
1024YesNoG1P0Live birthFull termVaginalNo6 yearsNone (stop B in 4th–8th week)YesNoNoNo
26YesNoG2P1Live birthFull termVaginalPreterm contractions5 yearsNone (stop B in 4th–8th week)YesNoNoNo
28YesNoG3P2Live birthFull termVaginalNo3 yearsNone (stop B in 4th–8th week)YesNoNoNo
1131YesRV structureG1P0Live birthFull termC-sectionNo5 yearsB; stop valsartan; 22nd week: + diuretics; 32nd week: + digoxin, increase diureticsYesDyspnoea, oedema, fatigueNoYes
1233YesNoG3P1Live birthFull termVaginalNo2 yearsNoneYesNoNoNo
1330YesRV structureG1P0Live birthFull termC-sectionChild: hypoglycaemia in macrosomia16 yearsNoneYesNoNoNo
34YesG2P1Miscarriage<13 weeksNoNo
35YesRV structureG3P1Live birthFull termC-sectionNo11 yearsNoneYesNoNoNo
1425YesRV structureG1P0Live birthFull termVaginalNo3 yearsNoneYesNoNoNo
27YesG2P1Miscarriage<13 weeksNoNo
28YesRV structureG3P1Live birthFull termVaginalNoNewbornNoneYesNoNoNo
1532YesNoG5P2Live birthFull termVaginalNo3 yearsNoneNoNoNoNo
1634YesNoG2P1Live birthFull termVaginalNo18 monthsNoneNoNoNoNo
1732YesNoG3P2Live birthFull termVaginalNo2 yearsBYesPalpitations/PVCsNoNo
1832YesNoG2P1Live birthFull termVaginalNo4 monthsNoneNoNoNoNo
1931NoNoG1P0Live birthFull termC-sectionNo9 yearsNoneNoNoNoNo
33NoNoG2P1Live birthFull termC-sectionNo7 yearsStart B since VAYesPalpitations12 weeks: VTNo
2023NoNoG2P1Live birthFull termVaginalNo9 yearsNoneNoNoNoNo
2132NoNoG2P1Live birthFull termC-sectionNo18 monthsStop B in 4th week →VA→start sotalolYesPVCs6th week: VT+short VFNo
2234NoNoG3P2Live birthFull termVaginalNo6 yearsNoneNoNoNoNo
2334NoNoG3P2Live birthFull termC-sectionNo6 yearsNoneNoNoNoNo
2429NoNoG2P1Live birthFull termVaginalNo22 yearsNoneNoPalpitations/PVCsNoNo
31NoG3P2Miscarriage<13 weeks
31NoRV structureG4P2Live birthFull termVaginalNo19 yearsNoneNoFatigueNoNo
2531NoNoG1P0Live birthFull termVaginalNo3 yearsStart B since VAYesNo6 weeks: VTNo
32YesNoG2P1Live birthFull termVaginalNo2 yearsB, dose *2 when neededYesPalpitationsNoNo
2625NoNoG1P0Live birthFull termVaginalMeconium stained amniotic fluid5 yearsNoneNoNoNoNo
  • *Gravidity–parity: gravidity refers to the number of times a subject has been pregnant including the current pregnancy, parity to the number of times a subject has given birth to a fetus with a gestational age of 24 weeks or more.

  • ARVD/C, arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy; B, β blocker; C-section, caesarean section; GP, gravidity–parity; HF, heart failure ≥ Class C19; ICD, implantable cardioverter defibrillator; NSVT, non-sustained ventricular tachycardia; PVC, premature ventricular complex; RV structure, structural abnormalities of the right ventricle that met major structural 2010 Task Force Criteria16; VA, sustained ventricular arrhythmia or appropriate ICD therapy for a ventricular arrhythmia; VF, ventricular fibrillation; VT, sustained ventricular tachycardia.