Table 7

Recommendations on the use of cardiac magnetic resonance and computed tomography in children with suspected or confirmed PH/ PPHVD25

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  • The above recommendations of the European Paediatric Pulmonary Vascular Disease Network relate to the grading system currently suggested by the European Society of Cardiology and the American Heart Association, and were based on paediatric data only (class, LOE). The complete list of references on the above subtopic can be found in ref. 25.

  • 2D, two-dimensional; AAO, ascending aorta; cMRI, cardiovascular MRI; CE-MRI, contrast-enhanced MRI; COR, class of recommendation; LOE, level of evidence; LPA, left pulmonary artery; MPA, main pulmonary artery; PAP, pulmonary artery pressure; PH, pulmonary hypertension; PCMRI, phase-contrast MRI; PPHVD, paediatric pulmonary hypertensive vascular disease; PVR, pulmonary vascular resistance; RPA, right pulmonary artery; RVP, right ventricular pressure; RV–PA, right ventricular-pulmonary arterial.