Table 1

Baseline age-standardised characteristics by categories of chocolate consumption in 67 640 Swedish men and women

Category of chocolate consumption, servings
Characteristic*0 (n=10 037)1–3/month (n=34 231)1–2/week (n=17 487)≥3–4/week (n=5885)p for trend†
Age, years61.0 (9.2)59.3 (8.9)58.8 (9.0)60.7 (9.6)<0.001
Sex, men, %53525757<0.001
Postsecondary education, %17182224<0.001
Family history of myocardial infarction, %16151514<0.001
Current smoker, %262423260.83
Aspirin use ≥7 tablets/week, %6.56.56.07.20.48
Walk/bicycle ≥40 min/day, %36343234<0.001
Exercise ≥2 h/week, %58585755<0.001
Body mass index ≥25 kg/m2, %53504844<0.001
Diabetes, %143.83.13.2<0.001
Hypertension, %24201918<0.001
Hypercholesterolaemia, %121010100.002
Total energy intake, kcal/day2100 (830)2200 (800)2400 (850)2700 (940)<0.001
Alcohol intake, g/day11 (22)10 (16)11 (15)12 (17)<0.001
Processed meat, servings/week4.8 (4.6)4.8 (3.9)5.4 (4.1)5.9 (4.9)<0.001
Fruits and vegetables, servings/day4.6 (3.0)4.4 (2.5)4.4 (2.4)4.6 (2.7)0.37
  • *Data represent mean (standard deviation) or percentage.

  • †Assessed by using linear regression for continuous variables and χ² test for categorical variables.