Table 1

The relationship between body mass index (BMI), electrocardiogram left ventricular hypertrophy criteria, CMR left ventricular (LV) mass and anatomical LV axis in the initial and validation cohorts

Normal weightOverweightObese
Initial cohort (n=821)n=263n=296n=262
Age (years)50 (15)55 (15)54 (14)
Height (cm)171 (9)171 (10)168 (9)
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)126 (17)136 (19)135 (19)
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)75 (9)80 (10)81 (10)
BMI (kg/m2)23 (2)27 (1)35 (6)
Frontal plane axis (°)45 (12)38 (13)28 (13)
Sagittal plane axis (°)137 (12)147 (12)154 (11)
LV mass (g)119 (41)137 (46)141 (42)
Sokolow–Lyon voltage (mm)23 (8)21 (7)19 (6)
Cornell voltage (mm)13 (7)14 (8)14 (6)
Normal weightOverweightObese
Validation cohort (n=520)n=206n=169n=145
Age (years)52 (13)52 (11)54 (11)
Height (cm)170 (9)172 (9)171 (10)
BMI (kg/m2)22 (2)27 (1)34 (4)
LV mass (g)100 (31)113 (39)121 (40)
Sokolow–Lyon voltage (mm)21 (8)19 (9)17 (6)