Table 1

Baseline characteristics of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors to hospital discharge

n=3449
Age (years), mean (SD)60.3 (17.5)
Male gender, n (%)2576 (74.7)
Aetiology, n (%)
 Cardiac2983 (86.5)
 Trauma/hanging55 (1.6)
 Respiratory178 (5.2)
 Overdose/poisoning87 (2.5)
 Other146 (4.2)
Witness, n (%)
 Not witnessed418 (12.2)
 Bystander witnessed1852 (54.0)
 EMS witnessed1160 (33.8)
 Unknown19 (0.6)
Bystander CPR, n (%)*1536 (67.7)
EMS response time (min), median (IQR)*7.0 (5.6 to 9.0)
Arrest rhythm, n (%)
 VF/VT2600 (77.0)
 PEA501 (14.8)
 Asystole268 (7.9)
 Non-shockable (unspecified)9 (0.3)
 Unknown71 (2.1)
Location, n (%)
 Private residence1837 (53.3)
 Aged care facility/supported accommodation96 (2.8)
 Public location1142 (33.1)
 Ambulance184 (5.3)
 Other190 (5.5)
Metropolitan region, n (%)2829 (82.2)
Prehospital ROSC, n (%)3367 (97.6)
Transported to PCI-capable hospital, n (%)2775 (80.5)
Hospital discharge direction, n (%)
 Home2774 (83.7)
 Rehabilitation425 (12.8)
 Aged care facility/supported accommodation116 (3.5)
 Unknown134 (3.9)
  • *Excludes EMS witnessed events. All proportions exclude missing data.

  • CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation; EMS, emergency medical service; PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention; PEA, pulseless electrical activity; ROSC, return of spontaneous circulation; VF/VT, ventricular fibrillation/ventricular tachycardia.