Table 1

Characteristics of included studies

Hendriks et al Stewart et al Carter et al
Mean age (years) 66.5±1371.5±1262.8±15.4
Total participants 712335336
% women 414839
Study type RCTRCTBefore and after
Year of publication 201220152016
CHA2DS2-VASc score 2.4±1.73.6±1.82.2±1.8
Participant recruitment method Referred to outpatient clinic with AFHospital admission with AFPresented to ED with AF
Duration of follow-up (years) 1.832.512.06
Primary outcome measure CV hospitalisation and deathAll-cause mortality and/or unplanned readmission, proportion of event-free daysDeath, CV hospitalisation, AF ED visit
  • CV, cardiovascular; ED, emergency department.