Table 5

Age and multiple risk factor-adjusted HRs (with 95% CI) for incident CHD events on the effect of LTPA within occupational PA categories, published cohort studies, 2007–2016

First author, yearCountryEndpointLength of follow-up (years)Gender, age (years)No. of subjects, eventsSport-LTPA levelsOccupational PA
LowIntermediateHigh
Hu, 200715FinlandCHD, F+NF18.9Men,
25–64
22 877, 3073Moderate to high vs low0.77
(0.67 to 0.89)*
NP1.04*†
Women,
25–64
24 963, 15870.77
(0.66 to 0.91)*
NP0.79*†
Holtermann, 200921DenmarkIHD, F30Men,
40–59
4952, 591Moderate to high vs low0.70
(0.47 to 1.07)‡
0.75
(0.56 to 1.0)‡
0.65
(0.42 to 1.0)‡
Clays, 201322BelgiumCHD, F+NF3.15Men,
35–59
14 337, 87Moderate to high vs low0.52
(0.26 to 1.04)§
NP2.3
(0.75 to 7.09)§
Harari, 201517IsraelCHD, F22Men,
20–70
4819, 170Yes vs no0.56†¶NP1.0† ¶
Wang, 201620FinlandAMI, F+NF20Men,
42–60
1891, 495High vs low0.95
(0.73 to 1.25)**
NP0.83
(0.57 to 1.21)**
Ferrario, present paperItalyCHD, F+NF14.2Men,
25–64
3574, 135Moderate to high vs low0.45
(0.24 to 0.87)††§
1.20
(0.54 to 2.67)††
1.84
(0.88 to 3.87)††
CVD, F+NF3574, 1740.45
(0.25 to 0.82)††
0.93
(0.43 to 1.98)††
1.66
(0.87 to 3.14)††
  • *Adjusted for age, study year, education, alcohol, smoking, BMI, systolic BP, cholesterol and history of diabetes. HRs excluding PA due to commuting.

  • †HRs computed from the reported values in the original tables. CIs are not estimable from the original tables.

  • ‡Adjusted for age, BMI, systolic BP, diastolic BP, treatment of diabetes or hypertension, alcohol, smoking and occupational classes.

  • §Adjusted for age, educational level, occupational class, job strain, BMI, smoking, alcohol, diabetes, systolic BP, total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol.

  • ¶Adjusted for age, socioeconomic status (number of people/room), educational status, father’s country of origin, BMI, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, coffee consumption, alcohol, diet and shift work. HRs for ‘low’ and ‘high’ OPA refer to the original ‘none-mild’ and ‘moderate-hard’ OPA categories (Table 3 of the reference).

  • **Adjusted for age, education, participation in an unrelated clinical trial, smoking, alcohol, mental strain at work, social support at work and stress from work deadlines.

  • ††Adjusted for age, cohort, educational class, BMI, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, systolic BP, current smoking, diabetes and alcohol intake.

  • AMI, acute myocardial infarction; BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; CHD, coronary heart disease; CVD, cardiovascular disease; F, Fatal; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; IHD, ischaemic heart disease; LTPA, leisure time physical activity; NF, non fatal; NP, data not present; PA, physical activity.