Table 3

Recommendations for aeromedical limitations for aortic dilatation in those with bicuspid aortic valves

Aortic root diameter (BSAID) (cm/m2)Rate of change (cm/year)Aeromedical limitations
 <4.25<0.5Unfit for high-performance flying
 4.25–4.50.5–1Unfit for solo flying
 >4.5>1Unfit for flying duties
  • BSAID, body surface area indexed diameter, measured value ×1.73/BSA (m2).