Table 9

Recommendations for ventricular ectopy

If the burden of ventricular ectopy (VE) exceeds 1%, further investigation should be considered; if >2% this is recommended and cardiac MRI should be considered to exclude cardiomyopathy. Under age 40, a coronary CT should be considered; over age 40, it is recommended. Restricted flying during evaluation is possible.Recommended
In the case of a VE burden >5%, additional yearly follow-ups are recommended. Unrestricted flying is usually possible, if asymptomatic.Recommended
A VE burden >7.5% usually requires restrictions to multicrew operations and low performance flying; above 10% consideration of further restrictions is recommended.Recommended