Table 1

Prevalence of pericardial diseases in African-based populations

First authorYear of publicationPeriod of recruitmentCountryDesignSettingAreaDisease specific populationType of pericardial diseaseMean ageAge range% MaleSample sizePrevalence of PD, n (%)Diagnostic method
Houman21 20041987–2001TunisiaCross-sectionalHospital basedUrbanPatients with systemic lupus erythematosusPericarditisNRNR810018 (18)Clinical presentation
Coteh23 20152015KenyaCross-sectionalHospital basedUrbanPatients with systemic lupus erythematosusPericardial thickening36.717–594.36349 (77.8)Echocardiography
Smiti22 20091987–205TunisiaCross-sectionalHospital basedUrbanPatients with systemic lupus erythematosusPericarditisNRNR7.29739 (40.2)Echocardiography
Yone20 20132009–2010CameroonCross-sectionalHospital basedUrbanPatients with TBTuberculous pericarditis3225–4158.99849 (0.9)Echocardiography
Sidibe16 20072005–2006MaliCross-sectionalHospital basedUrbanPeople living with HIVPericarditisNRNRNR82149 (1.9)Echocardiography
Menanga17 20152014CameroonCross-sectionalHospital basedUrbanPeople living with HIV, with cardiac symptomsPericardial effusion48.524–72484420 (46.5)Echocardiography
Chillo18 20122009–2010TanzaniaCross-sectionalHospital basedUrbanPeople living with HIV, with cardiac symptomsPericardial effusion42.418–7231.410242 (41.1)Echocardiography
Niakara19 20021993–1999Burkina FasoCross-sectionalHospital basedUrbanPeople living with HIV admitted in a cardiology unitPericarditis36.3NR55.67925 (35.4)Echocardiography
Ogah8 20082005–2007NigeriaCross-sectionalHospital basedSemiurbanPatients referred for a cardiac echocardiographyPericardial disease54.420–9051.6144126 (1.8)Echocardiography
Yaméogo14 20122009–2010Burkina FasoCross-sectionalHospital basedUrbanPatients admitted to cardiology unitTuberculous pericarditisNRNRNR94510 (1.1)Echocardiography, bacteriology, clinical features
Pio13 20162011–2014TogoCross-sectionalHospital basedUrbanPatients admitted to cardiology unitEffusive pericarditis42.516–7342.1189638 (2)Echocardiography
Adebayo12 20132002–2010NigeriaCross-sectionalHospital basedUrbanPatients with cardiac complaintsPericardial diseaseNRNRNR250128 (1.1)Echocardiography
Damasceno7 20122007–2010MultinationalCross-sectionalHospital basedUrbanPatients with heart failurePericardial effusion tamponade52.3NR49.2100668 (6.8)Echocardiography
Ogah8 20142009–2010NigeriaCross-sectionalHospital basedUrbanPatients with heart failurePericardial disease56.4NR54.945215 (3.3)Echocardiography
Boombhi11 2017CameroonCross-sectionalHospital basedUrbanPatients with heart failurePericardial diseaseNRNR51.01486 (4)Echocardiography
Oyoo9 1999KenyaCross-sectionalHospital basedUrbanPatients with admitted for congestive heart failurePericardial diseaseNRNR48.49112 (13.2)Echocardiography
Owusu10 2007GhanaCross-sectionalHospital basedUrbanPatients with admitted for congestive heart failureCardiac tamponade51.113–9051.51677 (4.2)Echocardiograp
  • NR, not reported.