Table 3

Pattern of pericardial diseases in African-based populations

First name of authorYear of publicationPeriod of recruitmentCountryDisease-specific populationSample sizeForms of pericardial diseaseStage of dyspnoea
Effusive pericarditis, n(%)Constrictive pericarditis, n (%)Effusive constrictive pericarditis, n (%)Non-effusive pericarditis, n (%)MyopericarditisPericardial tamponadeNYHA INYHA IINYHA IIINYHA IV
Abubakar30 20112003–2008NigeriaPericardial disease6833 (48.5)19 (27.4)8 (11.8)8 (11.8)
Ogah15 20082005–2007NigeriaPericardial disease268 (30.8)4 (15.4)13 (50)
Sidibe16 20072005–2006MaliHIV patients with pericardial disease4927 (55.1)13 (26.5)9 (18.4)10 (20.4)
Maiga31 20051994–2004MaliAcute pericarditis761 (1.3)5 (6.6)21 (27.6)43 (56.6)
Mayosi32 20062004Cameroon, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda and ZimbabweTuberculous pericarditis185147 (79.5)3 (1.6)28 (15.1)7 (3.8)24 (13)38 (20.5)39 (21.1)69 (37.3)46 (24.9)30 (16.2)
Yangni-Angate38 20161977–2012Ivory CoastConstrictive pericarditis1200 (0)63 (52.5)54 (45)3 (2.5)
Syed34 20132006–2008South AfricaTuberculous pericarditis8143 (53.1)
  • NYHA, New York Heart Association.