Table 3

Covariables of high LV mass–wall stress–heart rate product

VariableOR (95% CI)P value
Male sex1.90 (1.35 to 2.68)<0.001
Hypertension3.40 (1.99 to 5.82)<0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2)1.07 (1.03 to 1.11)0.001
LV ejection fraction (%)0.87 (0.85 to 0.89)<0.001
Peak aortic jet velocity (m/s)2.05 (1.53 to 2.73)0.002
Left atrial diameter (cm)1.61 (1.24 to 2.90)<0.001
Peak early/atrial mitral velocity ratio0.60 (0.38 to 0.96)0.035
  • Multivariable logistic regression analysis in the total study population.

  • LV, left ventricular.