Table 3

Fully adjusted multivariate regression model from analysis of the relationship between PA in total MET-min/week and maximal NC/C ratio (p values less than 0.05 are in bold)

CovariateEffect estimateSE95% CIP value
Age (per SD: 7.68 years)0.0410.0150.0000.077 0.031
Sex (male)−0.1690.050−0.267−0.071 0.001
Ethnicity (Caucasian)0.2100.182−0.1480.5680.249
Height (per SD: 9.26 cm)−0.0090.028−0.0650.0370.610
BMI (per SD: 4.19 kg/m2)−0.0340.017−0.0710.0000.054
SBP (per SD: 18.0 mm Hg)−0.0180.018−0.0720.0180.344
DBP (per SD: 9.64 mm Hg)−0.0100.019−0.0580.0290.640
HR (per SD: 11.7 bpm)0.0120.012−0.0230.0470.476
Average household income before tax:
 Less than £18 0000.0140.053−0.0890.1170.788
 £31 000–£51 999−0.0530.041−0.1340.0270.192
 £52 000–£100 000−0.0670.049−0.1630.0290.170
 Greater than £100 000−0.0050.073−0.1470.1380.946
Degree level or professional education−0.0410.032−0.1050.0220.204
Townsend deprivation index (per SD: 2.68)−0.0210.016−0.0540.0110.178
Smoking status:
 Never smoked−0.0280.078−0.1810.1250.718
 Previous smoker−0.0520.079−0.2080.1030.509
Regular alcohol use−0.0210.032−0.0830.0420.519
Diabetes mellitus−0.0820.070−0.2200.0550.240
Cardiovascular disease−0.0140.058−0.1270.1000.811
Antihypertensive use0.0170.064−0.1080.1420.790
Statin use0.0020.044−0.0840.0890.956
LVEDV (per SD: 33.3 mL/m2)0.1660.0250.1120.210 <0.001
LV mass (per SD: 24.1 g/m2)−0.1200.028−0.174−0.065 <0.001
LVEF (per SD: 5.91%)−0.0330.016−0.064−0.016 0.039
Total MET-min/week (per IQR: 3505 MET-min/week)−0.0010.019−0.0390.0370.966
  • BMI, body mass index; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; LV, left ventricular; LVEDV, LV end-diastolic volume; LVEF, LV ejection fraction; MET, metabolic equivalent of task; NC/C, non-compaction/compaction; PA, physical activity; SBP, systolic blood pressure.