Table 1

Characteristics of 2733 athletes presented by seniority level

Precollege (n=953)College (n=1562)Professional (n=218)P value*
Male (n, %)624 (65.5%)807 (51.7%)212 (97.2%)<0.001
Age (years)15.4±1.2 (13–18)19.0±1.1 (16–25)25.7±3.0 (19–35)<0.001
Weight (kg)64.1±13.573.8±16.5106.1±22.2<0.001
Height (cm)171.9±10.2176.7±11.8186.5±8.5<0.001
BMI (kg/m²)21.2±3.623.4±3.430.3±5.0<0.001
BMI≥30 (n, %)20 (2.1%)67 (4.3%)103 (47.3%)<0.001
BSA (m²)1.74±0.211.90±0.252.30±0.26<0.001
SBP (mm Hg)118±13122±13128±13<0.001
SBP 95th percentile140 mm Hg142 mm Hg151 mm Hg
DBP (mm Hg)72±972±974±90.003
DBP 95th percentile86 mm Hg86 mm Hg89 mm Hg
Ethnicity (n, %)
Afro-American42 (4.4%)153 (9.8%)128 (58.7%)<0.001
Asian191 (20.0%)129 (8.3%)0
Caucasian560 (58.8%)1127 (72.2%)75 (34.4%)
Pacific Islander9 (0.9%)18 (1.2%)5 (2.3%)
Other151 (15.8%)135 (8.6%)10 (4.6%)
  • *Χ² or one-way analysis of variance as appropriate. Data presented as mean±SD or number of observations (percentage). For age, range is included.

  • BMI, body mass index; BSA, body surface area; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; SBP, systolic blood pressure.