Table 2

Complication rates of cardiac extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (modified from Cheng et al 40)

ComplicationIncidence
Acute kidney injury55.6
Renal replacement therapy46.0
Rethoracotomy for bleeding or tamponade in postcardiotomy patients41.9
Major or significant bleeding40.8
Significant infection30.4
Lower extremity ischaemia16.9
Neurological complications13.9
Fasciotomy or compartment syndrome10.3
Stroke5.9
Lower extremity amputation4.7