Table 1

Baseline characteristics of participants by trial arm

Trial armTotal (n=1742)
Group (n=697)Individual (n=523)UC (n=522)
Age, mean (SD)69.59 (4.16)69.76 (4.11)69.96 (4.05)69.75 (4.11)
Gender, n (%)
 Male593 (85.1)457 (87.4)440 (84.3)1490 (85.5)
 Female104 (14.9)66 (12.6)82 (15.7)252 (14.5)
Ethnicity, n (%)
 White614 (88.1)471 (90.1)473 (90.6)1558 (89.4)
 Asian75 (10.8)45 (8.6)41 (7.9)161 (9.2)
 African/Caribbean8 (1.1)7 (1.3)8 (1.5)23 (1.3)
Current employment, n (%)
 Yes166 (23.8)114 (21.8)99 (19.0)379 (21.8)
 No531 (76.2)409 (78.2)423 (81.0)1363 (78.2)
Qualification, n (%)
 No formal qualifications186 (27.2)126 (24.4)122 (23.8)434 (25.3)
 GCSE or equivalent188 (27.4)141 (27.3)143 (27.9)472 (27.6)
 A Level or higher311 (45.4)249 (48.3)247 (48.2)807 (47.1)
Relationship status, n (%)
 Married/Cohabiting521 (74.7)412 (78.8)371 (71.1)1304 (74.9)
 Divorced/Separated/
Widowed
100 (14.3)62 (11.9)82 (15.7)244 (14.0)
 Single76 (10.9)49 (9.4)69 (13.2)194 (11.1)
IMD 2015 quintile, n (%)
 First (most deprived)63 (9.1)46 (8.8)52 (10.0)161 (9.3)
 Second122 (17.6)125 (23.9)108 (20.7)355 (20.4)
 Third136 (19.6)88 (16.9)93 (17.8)317 (18.2)
 Fourth166 (23.9)116 (22.2)124 (23.8)406 (23.3)
 Fifth (least deprived)208 (29.9)147 (28.2)145 (27.8)500 (28.8)
Smoking status, n (%)
 Current smoker112 (16.1)75 (14.3)81 (15.5)268 (15.4)
 Ex-smoker380 (54.5)315 (60.2)290 (55.6)985 (56.5)
 Non-smoker205 (29.4)133 (25.4)151 (28.9)489 (28.1)
Number of cigarettes per day if current smoker, mean (SD)11.6 (8.4)11.0 (8.1)11.2 (9.2)12.7 (10.9)
Alcohol intake (AUDIT score), n (%)
 Abstainer (0)73 (10.5)54 (10.3)55 (10.5)182 (10.4)
 Low risk (1-7)506 (72.6)397 (75.9)383 (73.4)1286 (73.8)
 Possibly harmful (≥8)118 (16.9)72 (13.8)84 (16.1)274 (15.7)
Depressive symptoms (PHQ-9 score), mean (SD)2.07 (3.38)1.98 (3.05)1.88 (3.13)1.99 (3.21)
  • AUDIT, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test; GCSE, General Certificate of Secondary Education; IMD, Index of Multiple Deprivation; PHQ-9, Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item.